A small text file stored on a client machine that may later be retrieved by a web server from the machine. Cookies allow web servers to keep track of the end user’s browser activities, and connect individual web requests into a session. Cookies can also be used to prevent users from having to be authorized for every password protected page they access during a session by recording that they have successfully supplied their user name and password already. Cookies may be referred to as "first-party" (if they are placed by the website that is visited) or "third-party" (if they are placed by a party other than the visited website). Additionally, they may be referred to as "session cookies" if they are deleted when a session ends, or "persistent cookies" if they remain longer.
Reference(s) in IAPP Certification Textbooks: F38, 75, 135-137; C46; E274-275; G37, 95, 97
Associated term(s): First-Party Cookie, Persistent Cookie, Session Cookie, Third-Party Cookie, Tracking Cookie, Web Cookie