Privacy Research    Marketing/Retail

A Public Policy Analysis of the European Union’s Data Protection Regulation Principles and the U.S.

This paper by Girard Kelly of Santa Clara University School of Law examines the European Commission’s recently proposed data protection reform of the 1995 EU Data Protection Regulation and the U.S Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights. The paper will elucidate the data protection framework expressed in the Regulation’s principles, within the context of their implications on the proposed policies of the U.S Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights. This analysis will explore the public policy and regulatory frameworks of both data protection perspectives and recommend legal harmonization between the U.S and the EU’s data protection principles by providing legislative guidance to policymakers.

ICO Data Breach Trends Study

This web page shows data breach incidents by incident type and sector for the year beginning April 1 to track trends.The UK Information Commissioner’s Office will update the data quarterly.

2013 Cyber Security Forecast

In this paper, Kroll outlines the top four cybersecurity concerns organizations that may blindside organizations in 2013.

A Primer on Metadata: Separating Fact from Fiction

The purpose of this paper from the information and privacy commissioner of Ontario is to provide a primer on the term “metadata,” responding to the argument that it is neither sensitive nor privacy-invasive since it does not access any of the content contained in the associated communications.

Evaluating Privacy Impact Assessments

This article by Kush Wadhwa and Rowena Rodrigues first outlines the evaluation criteria established under the EU Privacy Impact Assessment Framework project and attempts to find the best means of extending their application to help assess PIAs, based on good practice.

A Sober Look at National Security Agency Access to Data in the Cloud

This whitepaper by Chris Wolf and Winston Maxwell analyzes the “extravagant claims about U.S. access that ignore access by foreign jurisdictions.”

The Insider Threat: Why Chinese hacking may be the least of corporate worries

In this paper, Kroll offers real life examples of breach incidents involving insider threats to businesses, identifying steps companies can take to reduce their risk.

It’s About Time: Privacy, Information Life Cycles and the Right to be Forgotten

This article by Meg Leta Ambrose in the Stanford Technology Law Review explores the idea of data permanence online and the right to be forgotten, while considering the changing nature of information over time. “Understanding how information changes over time in relation to its subject, how and where personal information resides online longer than deemed appropriate and what information is important for preservation allows regulation to be tailored to the problem, correctly framed,” Ambrose writes.

In Defense of Data: Information and the Costs of Privacy

In this paper, Thomas M. Lenard and Paul H. Rubin discuss how the use of individuals‘ information for commercial purposes affects consumers, and the implications of restricting information availability in the interest of privacy. (2009)

Privacy Considerations of Online Behavioural Tracking

This 2010 ENISA study provides a technical perspective on behavioural tracking. It presents a comprehensive view, answering questions such as: Why are users tracked? What techniques are used? To what extent are we tracked today? What are the trends? What are the risks? What protective measures exist? What could regulators do to help improve user privacy?

Study on Data Collection and Storage in the EU

The overall objective of this ENISA study is to serve as a starting point for a pan-European view on the rules relating to the collection and storage of personal data in the European Union and on their implementation in Member States legislation.

Managing Customer Data Privacy: Issues, perspectives and possibilities for 2013 and beyond

This whitepaper from UnboundID aims to address questions and concerns about the privacy of personal information that have been raised by the emergence of the “Identity Economy.”

Data-Driven Innovation—A Guide for Policymakers: Understanding and Enabling the Economic and Social

The Software and Information Industry Association created this white paper to explain the nature of data-driven industry, how it empowers enterprises and governments to benefit individuals and show how it is already enabling economic growth. The paper details how changes in information technology products and services and the increasing use of data are combining to foster transformative innovation that will greatly benefit how we learn, do business and live our lives, while greatly stimulating economic growth.

Unlocking the Value of Personal Data: From Collection to Usage

This paper from the World Economic Forum and The Boston Consulting Group captures key outcomes from a global dialogue hosted as part of the WEF’s Rethinking Personal Data initiative. The dialogue invited perspectives from the US, Europe, Asia and the Middle East and involved representatives of various social, commercial, governmental and technical sectors, who shared their views on the changes occurring within the personal data ecosystem and how these changes affect the collective ability to uphold core principles. It highlights areas that need to be resolved in order to achieve a sustainable balance of growth and protection.

Unique in the Crowd: The Privacy Bounds of Human Mobility

Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye, César A. Hidalgo, Michel Verleysen and Vincent D. Blondel of MIT study fifteen months of human mobility data for one and a half million individuals and find that human mobility traces are highly unique. In fact, in a dataset where the location of an individual is specified hourly, and with a spatial resolution equal to that given by the carrier’s antennas, four spatio-temporal points are enough to uniquely identify 95% of the individuals.

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