Court of Justice of the European Union
The Court of Justice is the judicial body of the EU that makes decisions on issues of EU law and enforces European decisions either in respect to actions taken by the European Commission against a member state or actions taken by individuals to enforce their rights under EU law. The court is the judicial body of the EU that makes decisions on issues of EU law and enforces European decisions. Based in Luxembourg, the Court was set up in 1951, and was originally named the Court of Justice of the European Communities. The court is frequently confused with the ECHR, which oversees human rights laws across Europe, including in many non-EU countries, and is not linked to the EU institutions.
Reference(s) in IAPP Certification Textbooks: E31-32