Textbook Key

F: Foundations of Information Privacy and Data Protection

US: U.S. Private-sector Privacy

C: Canadian Privacy

E: European Privacy

G: U.S. Government Privacy

IT: Privacy in Information Technology

M: Privacy Program Management

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Annual Independent Evaluations

Under FIMSA, U.S. agencies’ information security programs must be independently evaluated yearly. The independent auditor is selected by the agency's inspector general or the head of the agency. The audit is submitted to the Office of Management and Budget.

Reference(s) in IAPP Certification Textbooks: G49

Associated law(s): FISMA