This study examines current and forthcoming measures related to the exchange of data and information in the Justice and Home Affairs policies of the EU. It focuses on the so-called ‘Smart Borders’ initiative, which consists of an ‘Entry/Exit System’ to record the time and place of entry and the length of authorized short stays in an electronic database, and a ‘Registered Travellers Programme’ allowing certain groups of frequent travelers, subject to appropriate pre-screening. The study argues that there is no reversibility in the growing reliance on data and information exchange schemes and raises the question of whether current and forthcoming proposals are necessary and original. It also outlines the main challenges raised by the proposals, including issues related to the right to data protection, privacy and non-discrimination.
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